TRIALS

I like to thank the following for help with the video

Fredrik Aurell

Andreas Eisdhagen

Pierre Hervé

Part one the rollover test.

Petter with the help of a boat hook is confirming that  Exlex rightning moment is positiv at all angels up to 180 degrees.

I am inside Exlex during the rollover test. The idea was that it was going to be a controlled rollover. However, Exlex is exceptionally unstabel upside down, dispite lack of ballast keel, but due to plenty of boyancy in her topsides so she just flipped over, and a good thing that is. I was not prepared and using one hand to hold my expensive phone I did not like to drop it so it was not easy get hold of something to hold on to, but on a small boat a rollover is a small problem. Now the are safety belts in the two cabins. I am in good shape and did not get hurt.

The secound part of the video show her sailing in Hunnebostrand. She is very stabel and easyly driven. The two sails each has an area of 2 square meter about the same as an Optimist dingy. Exlex is loaded with 70 kilos of water 4 anchors and some chain maybee 40 – 50 kilo and 4 40 amps batteries also my friend Thomas Grahn guessing 80 kilos. Thomas Grahn 2 anchors will stay ashore. 130 liter water more and about 150 kilo food will be added and maybe 50 – 100 kilo other things including one more mast and 2 square meter more sail area. During the passage from Dingle Ireland to Madeira I will only be carrying 70 liters of water. It will test the boats speed and behavior. In Madeira I will load her for 200 days and 13400 miles to Dunedin NZ. She will at the beginning be overloaded but the first part of the voyage is in the relativly light trade winds of the eastern part of the North Atlantic. Already when reaching the equator and the South East trades she will be lighter and when passing south of Africa she have lost half of her load and hopefully me and her, we have found our peak performance.

 

 

 

 

 

Regards Yrvind.

A PLACE FOR EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING IN ITS PLACE

I am trying to get order in the boat in such a way that things do not interfere with each other. It can be taxing.

Here is how some things are stored.

The waterproof camera Olympus though

 

The clock that informs me how fast time is passing and how short life is and how I should take care of every minute
The magnifying glass that helps my eyes to see the small details in the pilotcharts and to get splinters out of my fingers
The erasing shield and the triangle that will help me to draw the next boat
The one hand compass that helps me to measure distances and plot positions on the pilot charts. I do use ipad for navigation but hav not found pilot charts for it
Knifes and spoons and toothbrushes well secured with tufnol that is locked with phosphor bronze springs.
Port side of the sleeping room with compas erasing shield the lines to the rudder and the jammers and the volt meter.
Starbord side with magnifying glass handles thermometer, barometer clock.
dinging room starboard side with knifes and spoons and on topp the wedges for the half moon shaped door that rotates on a horizontal axis
Dining room port side with pump camera frontal lamp and bowl or scope with a round handle so that I can suspend it gimbaled.
The bowl or scoop that is going to be used for musli. Its now in the gimbaled position.
The holder for the scoop now glued and screwed under the seat. Tughnol carbon fiber on a piece of plywood

I also made a small hook to pick up things and mesure the boats speed through the water at the top and bottom of waves. This is for my theory of wave dynamics.

The eagle eyed observer, no doubt have noticed that Exlex is unpainted inside. The reason I soon be in NZ and start to build a new boat, therefore I focus on utility and function. I am eager to get sailing.

A small hook, handy for many a thing.

A video. Make sure to subscribe to my youtube channel

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind

A NEW DECADE

Looking back 20, 40, 60 and 80 years.

Looking forward 20 years into the future.

 

80 years ago I lived on the windward side of a small island close to the North Sea. It was me, my mother, her mother and my grandmothers mother, my father a seaman had left us 15 of January 1940. In 1941 the English sunk his ship in Hong Kong. Good for the war they said. I never saw him again.

Nazi Germany invaded Denmark and Norway in April 1940. I was a one year old idealist and Sweden prepared for war. Our island and the waters around it were declared restricted military area. Only residents were permitted access. I saw few people during my childhood. Our house was situated within a stones throw from the sea on an insulated peninsula, far from the village. I played in the water and learned to handle small boats. I did not need toys. Eventually peace came and I was old enough for school. Being curious I had looked forward to be taught the wisdom of the grown ups but I was bitterly disappointed. School meant route learning. We had to learn by heart the names of rivers and towns. I was unable to do that. During the forties the official policy was harsh discipline. Teachers were encouraged to beat lazy children who did not do their homework. During the breaks my mates did their best to assist my teacher. I got beaten badly sometimes walking home with blood on my face. Despite the beating my homework did not improve. I was stubborn man. Born a stoic, raised by women I did not cry. I am sure though that had I been less proud and rebellious I would have been beaten less. After four years of that inhuman hell it was found out that I was dyslexic. My kind and loving mother was able to send me to a very nice and understanding boarding school with reform pedagogic. That was a real paradise.

 

60 years ago, an early February morning 1960, the doors of a maximum security prison opened and I was let out into a dark, cold street. What had I, a gentle, honest, curious, industrious, righteousness, young man done to be an inmate of an institution with such a bad reputation?

Not much, just being stubborn, more stubborn than ordinary persons. I had been conscripted, but within hours in the army, for no reason at all, my sergeant had taken a strong dislike to me. My early schooldays had thought not to give into grown ups that humiliated and treated me unfair. I resisted. Things escalated. I did not give in. Eventually the punishments increased until I was sent to prison. As I was clearly innocent, I had just been bullied; I saw no reason to repent. That infuriated the jailers. It gave the other prisoners something to laugh at. I was accused of stirring up a mutiny. Now it was the establishment against me. They decided to break me. I was transported me to a maximum security prison. There I immediately was put into solitary confinement and ordered to do stupid work. I refused. I was told that for every day I did not work an extra day would be added to the length of my punishment. I did not let that influence me. To me it was not hell sitting in a heated room. I was feed three times. I used the precious time to reflect on the wonders of life. Finally they sort of gave up on me. One day it knocked on the door. That was odd, as the jailers did no knocking. I nice woman a psychiatrist came in. She had a paper in her hand. She told me, a bit embarrassed, that I was causing a lot of problems but if I signed the paper that stated that I was a psychopath they would let me out and give me 25 dollar to start a new life. If not they would keep me forever. Of course I am not more of a psychopath than you, but I am probably more stubborn.

They kept their part of the deal, but I soon realized that the testimonial was useless and as things stood a bourgeois career was not for me. Instead I bought a rotten old boat and become Captain of my own ship. I soon realized that a new type of small cruising was desirable. I decided I was the to be the man to fix that. That was 60 years ago.

 

40 years ago 1980, still stubborn after many attempts of improving the state of small ocean going cruising boats I singlehandedly rounded Cape Horn. I was the first swede to do so Cape Horn. I did it east to west against the prevailing winds and currents. My boat was just 19 feet. No smaller boat had rounded the Horn before. It was 16 of June 1980. It was winter. It was cold and very dark. It was the time before GPS. My navigation was done solely by sextant and dead reckoning. The storms and the cold were difficult, but by far the most difficult part was the navigation. Astro navigation is only possible if you can see the celest objects. Because the frequently bad weather it was often so that many days passed without the possibility to get an observation. The days were short and the sun was seldom visible. At noon, in June, south of Cape Horn, the suns altitude is not higher than 11°, same as here in south Sweden today New Years Day. A GPS is a thousand times more accurate than a sextant at any time and it gives you your position instantly in any weather in at any time of the year. It was a hard but satisfying forty day offshore passage. It had showed me the passage with the most fearsome reputation and I had done it under the worst of circumstances. I was awarded the Royal Cruising Clubs Medal of Seamanship. The same medal had been given to Chichester, Knox-Johnston and Moitessier. That was 40 years ago.

20 years ago my rounding of Cape Horn had in the eyes of the public magically transformed me from a deplorable psychopath into an established and admired hero. I had written a book and become a sought after public speaker I had married a wonderful girl we had bought a piece of land and built a house on it and I was still experimenting with small boats still trying to improve small ocean going cruisers. The future looked bright and settled. Then just as I held the golden apple in my hand, a surprise came. Right under our house was the world’s largest stockpile of oil, 2,7 million cubic meters. It had been built in secret during the cold war. The idea was to fuel the coming war against the Soviet Union. 20 years ago the Soviet Union had been dissolved and our government did not know what to do with 2,7 million cubic meter of oil so they sold it to an oil company for the neat sum of one hundred dollars. The oil company was happy and decided to commercially exploit the stockpile. Unfortunately that meant that they had to build a plant right where our house was. Might is right. Employment wins over environment. The company started to build. Permission they would get later. They were creating hundreds of jobs. Good for the community.

My response was to get four TV-teams the national newspapers etc to my workshop. There I told them that there would be action at the refinery. We acted fast. With friends I let off 150 smoke bombs plus super big firecrackers in a protest. Panic aroused. In the confusion the refinery’s security personal called in the police to assist them to take care of the terrorists, but as the smoke began to clear they realized it was just me, the crazy trouble maker. The directors know that they had no permission for what they were doing, that they were doing something illegal. They definitely did not want the police involved. With the help of newly invented cell phone they got hold of the speeding police, told them that the alarm was a mistake, that everything was OK, that they would deal with it themselves. They asked the police to turn back and forget everything.

I was able to stop the project but to a price. A big oil company has much influence in a small community I was harassed I lost my wife and our house and mowed to the other side of Sweden. That was 20 years ago.

 

Now we have the year 2020. I am 80 years old. I am still stubborn and still experimenting with small boats. In April, in just a few months, I have to hurry; a friend will trail my new boat Exlex to Dingle in Ireland. Exlex is 5.8 meters long 1.2 meters beam with a draft of 20 cm and an empty displacement of 0.6 tons.

By the way, Exlex is Latin for outlaw. Ex means out, Lex means law. It’s the European Union Recreational Craft Directive that has criminalized her. They do not want small boats; there is more money in bigger ones. That they cause more pollution and give less happiness to their crews is the price we pay for growth and more GNP.

My plan is to test sail her the 1200 miles to Porto Santo Madeira. If I can keep an average speed of 3 knots it will take 17 days. Year 2018, with a boat 4 cm shorter, that same passage took me 40 days. I do not always get everything right. Is this new improved boat that much faster? Time will tell. Based on this trial I will in Porto Santo provision Exlex for a much longer passage. The ultimate destination is Dunedin NZ about 13400 miles and 186 days distant. I intend to sail south of Africa, Australia and NZ. Will I make it? I do not now. A less stubborn person will definitely not make it. The boat is on the small side for such an long passage. Will I be able to carry enough food and on my small boat? Hopefully, because I have trained myself, for two years, to eat only once a day. And water? On previous voyages I have drunk one liter water a day so I will carry 200 liters. Watermakers are too expensive and too unreliable even if I carried several. The original idea was to make a landfall in Western Australia. For that I needed a visa. However I got angry when I was advised sort it out with phone calls to Australia. I like to spend the little money I have on food not on long distance calls. The visa problem is stupid. They have an embassy here in Sweden and they must surely have computers and e-mail in Australia – why do they make things difficult for me?

 

In 2040 I be 100 years old. I have never smoked, not even one cigarette. I have never drunk not even one bear. I use my body and I use my brain that favors my sustainability. Hopefully people will get the idea that simple habits, small boats favors our worlds sustainability and everyone’s happiness. Big boats – big problems. Small boats – small problems.

 

Simple habits     Simple boat    Simply – sustainability

TESTING THE PUMP

At sea things better work! Better to find out before leaving port. I am testing the pump.

Test everything you can. There might be surprises. For example spare parts. The most prudent thing is to undo the original part and install the spare part. Then you learn whats involved how to properly the work, you also will have to find the right tools for the job and you know that the piece fits. Manufacturer keep without notice change things.

Like my pump. I ordered two extra pumps from Plastimo same as I had. I got the same pump, but it was an improved version. Improved from the factorys standpoint. It is lighter and uses less material. Sure that good for the world and our enviroment, but it was not easy to install. In my workshop with all the tools it went fine but it took several houers longer than the first version would have needed. The problem was the holes for the screws were situated under the pumphouse inaccesable. I had to take the pump apart. There were no instructions but I am a problemsolever so that was OK. Also the hoseclamp had to be put inside the handle holder. If fitted on a big boat with ample space there is no problem to twist the pumphouse into position. Exlex is not a big boat.

That being said. The new version is more efficient as can be seen from the video below. It realy emptied water at a fast rate. But if I had to do the fitting at sea without my workshop it would have been different.

The new improved version to the right. On the left pump you can see that the holes for the fasteng the pump is easily accesible.

The good thing is the membram is now outside the pumphouse giving it a much longer stroke and thats a really good idea. The pump has gotten more efficient.

The screw is under the pumphouse, below the arrow. Cannot be reached with a screwdriwer without taking the pump apart.
The solution was to mount the pump an piece of plywood and attached the plywood piece with 4 extra screews. I chose to use NM-epoxy on the plywood to preserv the wood better as I was not in a hurry and could wait a day with the installation.
The screw to tightning the hoseclamp is unconvieniently placed below the pumphandle. That prevented me from using a screwdriver to tighten it with. A hexagoanal key 7 mm did the job.

A video with the pump in action.

Hope you will have happy free time over Christmas and New Year.

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind

TESTING WET SUIT

Yesterday I tried out the Waterproof wet suit. It was a cold and dark night. Up here in Sweden it is kind of dark and cold 24/7 this time of the year. The idea of the wet suit is to be able to clean the hull when sailing the cold waters in the Southern Ocean.  Also I am working on an drag device, a kind of pour mans Jordan Serius Drouge, a home made thing from plywood discs, but mostly I am just doing small odd jobs trying to get Exlex in peak performance to the spring of 2020. Its no major work and the list is rather long and as usual every job takes 3 times as long as estimated and for every job done 3 more seams to be added, but in the end like always finally everything will be done and the voyage starts. Patience is the ansver.

Below are some pictures and a video.

The Fiorentino Para-Anchor
The elements for my home made drag device.
The seven disks for my drag device. A chain is added to sink it and add more resistance. The idea is to slow the boat down when running before a gale. Its a low cost experiment and it does not take up a lot of space or weight even on a small boat. It might come in handy.

 

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind.

FIORENTINO PARA-ANCHOR

Today, thanks to Lynette, all the way from sunny California arrived the Fiorentino Para-Anchor. A new tool. I will use it in contrary winds not to be blown back or in the unlikely event if I am near a lee-shore with a strong storm.

Below is a picture of it hanging and Exlex in the background.

To be continued…

Best regards Yrvind

UPPDATE

Hi I have had a bug and have been taking it easy for the last two weaks. Now the bug is beaten and I am in better shape.

I am doing odd jobs on Exlex lately mostly for storing water and food for the long passages. The longest one between Argentina to Australia is estimated to take 150 days in stormy seas. The first idea was to use water bags but in the end I did not trust myself to be able to secure them good enough. Nils Malmgren have been good enough to supply me with jerrycans of good quality.

Below is some photos.

The 36 5 litre jerry cans from NM
I have modified a screw cap to transfer the water to the daily 1 litre bottles. I have made a spanner usisng NM-epoxy and carbonfibre to tighten the caps good enough and not least to be able to open them when thirsty.

A close up of the cap spanners. I have used a cap as a mould. It is a good fit.

Unfortunately all the water and food takes up a lot of space. But I still have more space left than many small boat sailors like Robert Manrey Tinkerbelle and Gerry Spiess Yanke Girl

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind…

THE THIRD MAST IS IN PLACE

For same time I have been working with handholds and steps on the outside to easier get back on board after a swim. That job is now done so today after the run and exercise I started on something new, to modify the rigging.

Unfortunately there is interference between the centerboard and the new sail. This I knew. The centerboard I was not able to mowe and there was no other place for the mast. So I did not have a choice. In Next Design the problem is solved. It is not so difficult to make a centerboard or a mast or the other hundreds of pieces needed for a cruising boat. The biggest problem is to make a design where they do not interfere with each other. After I have made a landfall in Australia hopefully there will be new interest in my talks and my books and my economy will hopefully get back on an even keel and also hopefully I can get other persons to get interested in this wonderfull kind of low energy boats that I am designing, because they are so much safer and simpler and more economical than what is used nowadays. Today I use the same size of boats that I used 50 years ago. At that time, in the sixties that size of boats where common, now they are a curiosity and yet they work as fine today as in those days.  More and more people today do consider mans effect on the enviroment and they realise that in that respect an oar is better than an engine, also it is quiter, cheaper and takes up less space. Also it keeps its owner in good health. Cruising boats do not have to be 10 or 20 tons heavy 40 – 50 feet long. Cruising should be a hobby not a way to show conspicius consumption. Its OK if some boats are 40-50 feet long, but smaller boats should also have a place on the wide oceans. That is my idea.

If I can get 10 person interested in Next Design the tooling will be spread out on ten person and that will reduce cost.

Provisional the centerboard can not be fully raised. 15 cm or 6 inches will be below Exlex bottom when the new sail is used in full. If I take a reef in the sail then I can rise the centerboard fully.

In Next Design the interference  problem is solwed.

Below are 3 pictures.

The problem with interference is solwed by lower the centerboard 15 cm or 6 inches
The centerboard has to be 15 cm or 6 inches below the hull as not to interfear with the sail. There is no problem when the sail is reefed. I can live with that.
The yellow schooner all 3 masts in one picture.

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind

EXLEX WILL SOON BE A YELLOW THREE MASTED SCHOONER

During test sailing the AIS-reception and transmission was not good. Reason antenna was low down I guess.

Also Exlex proved to be very stiff. I decided to add a mast. One more mast will increase sail area by 50 %, from 4 square meters to 6.

The new mast will be a glass one. Glass masts are heavier than carbon ones but the AIS-antenna can be placed high up inside her. A third advantage is that by placing the third mast well forward it will aid Exlex running downwind. Exlex masts are self-standing having no shrouds. I can thus let out the sails more than 90 degrees with no chafe. Should Exlex head up into the wind the windward sail get more pressure and the lee one less thus making the system stable and self correcting. Exlex is a simple boat with no selfstearing gear. To make her keep her coarse I find a equilibrium between forces acting on her.

Usually a glass mast is more than twice as heavy as a carbon one. The glass one that I made came out at 2.8 kilos. The Europe Dingy masts are 2.5 kilos each for the same lenght. The reason that the different masts are nearly equally heavy is that, Europe Dinghy’s mast are restricted by racing boat rules. Their mast are forbidden to be as light as they can be built. The boats started out with wooden masts, then, came aluminum, then carbon. To be fair to the wooden mast owner’s carbon masts are ballasted with glass. Very democratic, but its one more example on how racing rules makes bad boats. Racing boats are not fast but fair. Cruising sailors that not compete should avoid boats influenced by racing boats. Unfortunately that is not possible unless you build your own.

Exlex mast holder will be attached to the strong center board case. To be able to fit the mast holder vertical I have placed a square piece of wood in her to have some thing to measure against. I did not have a pipe that fitted.

Doing a calculation using Pythagoras theorem. I found a neat formula that helped me to find the side of the wood, just divide the pipes inside diameter by the square root of 2.

Below are some photos.

Doing the pregging at Marström Composite. The two halves can be seen. Later they are put together a vacuumbag is placed inside and outside.
The Exlex mast the small one to the right is ready to go into the autoklav together with her big brother.
Transporting the 2.3 meter long mast on my bike to my workshop
Wheighing the third mast. She came out at 2.8 kilos
The square stick in the foremost mastholder. The new mastholder will be next to the yellow centerboard just behind the hatch.
The formula I derived to calculate the side of the square stick. Just divide the diameter by the square root of 2 or 1.414
The modell the two forward masts. Here the sails are let out more than 90° making, hopefully Exlex sail stable downwind.

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind.

EXLEX BACK IN THE WORKSHOP

Monday 2 of September 2019 Captain Thomas Grahn towed Exlex from Hunnebostrand on the west coast of Sweden to Västervik on the Swedish east coast behind his wife’s father’s car. Everything went fine. It took us five or six hours. It was a shortcut. Sailing from Hunnebostrand to Västervik is about 500 nautical miles; it would have taken many weeks.

To be able to trail Exlex is a one of her many desirable qualities. Last year we trailed the first Exlex 5.76 meters to Dingle in Ireland and then I sailed her to Madeira, 2011 I trailed the yellow boat 4.8 meters long to Ireland and then sailed her to Martinique, 1988 I trailed Amfibie-Bris 4.8 meters long to France and then sailed her to Newfoundland. I have trailed many of my small ocean going boats to various places. I suggest the idea. It adds a dimension of freedom, so why not?

Exlex, although small attracted much attention in Hunnebostrand. I had to answer many a question like if she was able to sail to windward, if I was steering with the sculling oar, what would happen is she capsized and more. I assured every one that she was a very able boat. I sold many brochure’s and some kind persons donated and some invited me to eat ice-creams.

I made a long list of possible improvement’s to carry out before the month of May 2020 when I plan to depart.

I am very pleased with the performance of Exlex. She pointed high and sailed fast. If I watch my steps the upcoming voyage will go fine

Docking Exlex
Each evening the speeker on the sightseeing boat was telling everyone everything about Exlex
Onlookers were querius about my boat. Why people have so huge boats nowadays no one reflected over

 

Kind persons gave me icecream

Something gone wrong with my computer I am unable to show more pictures. Hopefully friends will fix it.

After speaking to several friends I can now continue . Here are two more photos of Exlex being rolled over.  This time it was not for stability but to test for leaks.  There were still a leak on rolling to starboard in the ventilation system, a small one screew hole. I had plugged 2 screew holes before. Rolling to port she was tight, no leaks. The hatches were also waterproof. The one leak I think is easy to fix, but Murphy is sitting on my sholder trying to to keep me alert.

Rolling to port. No leaks. People on the bridge are curous wondering at the strange Exlex
Now the hatches are under water. No leaks. The bronze plate can be seen in the middle in the front of it is the centerboard slot.
Exlex on the trailer ready to come into the work shop. My yellow bicycle not to forget in front

Work is now being done on Exlex.

To be continued…

Regards Yrvind